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Quinta Irini, an agricultural and agro-processing initiative located in Mafuiane engages in a wide range of agricultural activities including agro-processing agriculture, fish farming, fungal beekeeping (mushroom production) and the raising of animals.

 

The smallholder farmer initiative just like other farms in the greater Maputo region experiences water scarcity crises especially in the dry season, leading to the loss of many crops due to intense heat, and low or no production. To abate the challenge, the farm in the past resorted to the use of a diesel fuelled water pump whose operational cost is very high and also detrimental to other agricultural activities like fish farming due to the emission of unfriendly gases to the environmemnt

 

The farm intends to turn the situation around by promoting the adoption of alternative sources of energy. The aim of this initiative is to establish measures to change from traditional systems that are detrimental to the environment to more efficient and improved systems, as well as to induce the adoption of other energy options.

 

Changes will also ensure the sustainability of the use of the biomass resource, including use of residues to improve the quality of productive soils.

 

With financial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), UNIDO in partnership with Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development-National Directorate for local economic development, Quinti Irini will install the following integrated systems; Solar water supply system for irrigation and agro-processing; Solar Dryers for fruits and vegetables; Solar Grinding/Milling machine; and an Anaerobic Digester for biogas and fertilizer productionInformed. The purpose of the pilot project is to demonstrate how the adoption of integrated renewable energy systems for productive uses can contribute to increased sustainability, productivity and efficiency in the production and commercialization processes of agricultural products in the rural area of Mafuiane.

 

The process of submersible pump installation was commenced in July 2022 for irrigation of the Irini farm production area, as well as for the supply of drinking water to the community.

 

You can watch the video of the water supply system installation HERE

MAKOMANE 1

The TSE4ALLM project implemented by UNIDO with financial support from the GEF project seeks among other results, to demonstrate the technical and commercial viability of renewable energy systems in the productive sector, including agriculture and the agri-food industry through 4 project components namely: (i) establishment of a conducive policy and regulatory environment; (ii) capacity building and knowledge management; (iii) technology demonstration and scaling up and (iv) monitoring and evaluation.

 

In 2021, a call for proposals was launched to identify investment projects for the development of renewable energy systems to support enhancing the agricultural value chain, commercial productive activities, and energy production from waste. The technological focus is on solar and biomass technologies. MAKOMANE-ADM, Mozambique was among the three projects alongside AFORAMO and CHARIS-Associacao de Solidariedade Social that were selected to produce a total installed capacity of 86.9 kW at a total funding of 243,095 USD.


In August 2022, MAKOMANE-ADM, became the first recipient of the financial support and will Install a total capacity of 23,9kW of integrated renewable energy systems comprising of Solar Cold (10kW) storage to support Fish and animal farming activities and for conservation of fruits and vegetables; Biogass for community cooking and food processing (8,4kW); Solar irrigation system with elevated storage (5.5kW) in Quissico, Zavala district, Inhambane Province.

 

The company is one of the largest and more popular fish farmers in the Inhambane province that produces high quality fish for local consumption and to supply to larger markets including the country capital-Maputo. The 10kW solar cold storage system based on solar panels will allow the conservation of fish, encouraging the scaling up of fish farming activities, and reducing costs with feeding the fish after reaching adulthood. The system will also benefit local fishermen and farmers from neighbouring associations and cooperatives of Quissico allowing them to have more bargaining power vis-à-vis the market.

 

In addition, 5.5kW of solar energy will be used to connect an electric pump to supply water for reservoirs of 10,000 cubic meters of capacity. The water will be used for irrigation in the production fields of vegetables which are much needed in local and regional markets. The waste that will be generated from the agriculture activity will be used both to feed the fish and to feed the biogas system

 

In Quissico there is large abundance of animal farmers generating large amounts of animal excrement that pollutes the environment. On the other hand, local communities are heavily reliant on wood fuels for cooking which contributes to the accelerated deforestation in the rural areas. The animal excrement of cattle and/or birds will be used to feed a 8.4kW biogas system and the gas will be used for several purposes including: (i) baking local bread, drumstick tree biscuits and cassava which is a very healthy food and widely consumed in Quissico which will be sold by the association; (ii) provision of community cooking services where the general public will pay a fee to cook in the kitchen; (iii) the effluent will be used as a fertilizer to promote the scale up of organic agricultural production (horticulture); (iv) incentivize the collection and supply of organic waste resulting from the agriculture production to be delivered at the association for a fee; (v) select and use the organic waste either to feed the fish or as an input for the biodigester (biogas production);

Irrigacao energia solar 20140826 00338

90% of Mozambican rural population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods. The methods used for cultivation are in most cases rudimental and do not yield sufficient produce for income generation and subsistence consumption.


UNIDO through the Towards Sustainable Energy for All in Mozambique (TSE4ALLM) project works towards promoting the dissemination of integrated renewable energy systems (RE) in a market-based approach for productive activities in rural areas of Mozambique


SUPERKWICK LDA cultivates a wide range of crops including macadamia, cashew, beans, and vegetables on a 10ha farm in Macia Bilene, in Mozambique. The company received funds through the BCI SUPER credit line and recently installed a solar system capable of generating 2515W of power to enable the pumping of water for irrigation of macadamia, cashew, rice, bean crops farms


“1 macadamia tree consumes 20 litres of water per day. The installation of the solar-powered submersible water pumps enables sufficient and reliable supply of water all year round” ---Aldo Bauque


In this article Miss Sheila Macia, SUPERKWICK’s field activities’ coordinator explains how the sprinkler irrigation system powered by solar energy is used.


What is the Sprinkler irrigation system?
Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground.


Sprinklers are small sized emitters that distribute water in the form of rain with a 90% efficiency rate. “We use the micro-sprinkler irrigation system for irrigating the macadamia plants and this is determined by the hydric needs of each plant, which is 20 litres per day” Since the system requires high and continuous power supply to enable the pumping of water which is consequently sprayed to the entire field, solar energy was found to be the most efficient and reliable source of energy for this purpose.1 hectare of macadamia orchard contains 300 trees. The spacing used is 8*4m (8 metres between plants and 4 metres between rows). Each row contains 12 trees and 1 hectare contains 25 rows. The number of rows to be watered varies according to the pressure and slope of the land. But on average at least 6 rows are watered simultaneously


Mounting of the irrigation system using micro sprinklers
The assembling of the system is done according to the orientation of the land as well as the water source. To assemble the system, pipes, emitters, sprinkler heads, valves, and reduction joints are the materials needed.


Advantages of the sprinkler irrigation system
The Sprinkler Irrigation Systems ensures reliability, uniform distribution of water with high efficiency, high quality, affordability, ease of installation and maximum water saving. Besides, it is affordable and completely easy to set up. There is no need of spending much on labor costs for setting it up. In addition, Soluble fertilizers, herbicides and fungicides can be added in water before distributing to the crops.


What are the challenges of using the sprinkler irrigation system?
Despite the enormous advantages, using the sprinkler irrigation system also comes with some challenges. The initial cost of setting up the system is high, the water must be clean and free of sand, debris and dissolve salts, and, it cannot be used in windy climate. In addition, Fruits/crops/vegetables can be damaged due to excessive water, and requires high and continuous power supply.

SWL 1

In July 2021 Shine Water & Serviços, secured a MZN850,000.00 (approximately USD13,500.00) loan to install a solar system for the supply of drinking water to 100 customers in FAO/Nhumbane community, Marracuene district of Maputo province. This was through the BCI credit line fund implemented by United Nations Industrial Development Organization- UNIDO, BCI bank, and FUNAE under the Towards Sustainable Energy for all in Mozambique (TSE4ALLM) project with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF)


In the past the company solely depended on a water supply system powered by the utility grid which often resulted in various challenges including limited supply of water caused by frequent disruptions of electricity supply, high operational costs, and equipment failures caused by the instability of the electrical grid.


“We used to receive water only twice a day but this changed with the adoption of another system that does not only depend of electricity, we now receive water 24 hours a day”, Female SWS client.

 

SWL Beneficiaries


The installation process of the water supply system entailed, the placement of a submersible solar powered pump that extracts water stored in deposits of 10,000litre tanks in towers with an elevation of 12 meters high, which is subsquently distributed to consumers.


Besides supplying water to households, the Shine Water solar powered water supply system expanded its reach to cover health centres, schools, construction brick laying sites, and subsistence horticultural gardens. According to community members, most residents of FAO/Nhumbane locality (90% women) depend on the income generated from the selling of vegetables and fruits produced from their subsistence gardens and reliable 24 hours per day water supply is necessary for increased productivity, and thus more income generation


Shine Water & Serviços LDA, continues to remain at the forefront in providing a reliable solution to the water supply related challenges that the of FAO/Nhumbane community faces. “In a month’s period we shall have a fully-fledged solar powered water supply system installed and more clients accessing water 24 hours a day” Mr. Aly Mussagy- CEO Shine Water, LDA


The company’s clientele has grown from 20 in January to 50 customers currently, with an average consumption of 500.00 meticais that corresponds to an average monthly revenue of 25,000.00 meticais. It is hoped that water will be supplied to more 50 house holds in the coming 6 months.

Lei de electricidade

 

In 2021, the rural electricity access rate was estimated at about 8%, against 72% in urban areas of Mozambique. Whereas The country aims to achieve universal electricity access by 2030, energy access remains low with significant rural-urban disparities. Recognizing the need to adapt the legal framework of the electricity sector to the current social, technical and financial dynamics, as well as to the objectives of sustainable development, the Parliament in a plenary session on 30th March, 2022 approved the coming into force of the Electricity Law.

 

On 11th July, 2022, Law No 12/2022 was published following its enactment by President Filipe Nyusi. The purpose of this law is to define the general organization of the of the electric power sector and the legal regime of the activities of the supply of electrical energy. Most importantly, the new law underscores energy transition consistent with the reality of the country and universal access to quality, efficient and reliable energy, taking advantage of all energy sources, with emphasis on renewable energy sources and the reduction in the use of fossil sources.


The legislation governs the operation of the electric power system and general rules applicable to the production, transmission, distribution and sales activities, including imports and exports, with a view to providing more citizens with access to electricity. The new further, makes room for private investment in the import and export of electricity, electricity consumption, and energy services.

 

The Towards Sustainable Energy for All- Mozambique (TSE4ALLM) project applauds the government’s bold decision to enact and publish the new Electricity Law as step toward ensuring universal access to electricity by 2030. The project continues to support the market-based adoption of integrated renewable energy systems by advocating for a conducive policy and regulatory environment that promotes the involvement of the private sector in the development of integrated Renewable Energy systems for rural areas of Mozambique.